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|Rambam - Sefer HaMitzvos|
As Divided for The Daily Learning Schedule
Negative Mitzvot 267, 268
Negative Mitzvah 267: It is forbidden for a hired worker to eat from the crops while working the field of his employer
Deuteronomy 23:26 "You shall not waive a sickle to your neighbor's standing grain"
Positive Mitzvah 201 allows a hired worker to eat from the fruit or grain that he is harvesting, but the worker must realize that he was hired to do a job.
This Negative Mitzvah forbids a worker who is hired to harvest from reaping crops for himself or eating when he is not allowed.
It also forbids a person hired to do other work besides harvesting from reaping grain for himself and eating while he is working for his employer.
Negative Mitzvah 268: It is forbidden to eat more than allowed when harvesting crops as a hired worker
Deuteronomy 23:25 "When you come into your neighbor's vineyard, then you may eat your fill of grapes at your desire; but you shall not put any in your container"
As mentioned, a hired worker may eat from the fruit or grain that he is harvesting. However, there are limits to how much he is allowed to eat.
It would be cruel to stop a worker from eating entirely, but this Negative Mitzvah forbids a worker from taking more than a fair share.
A hired worker in a vineyard may only eat enough grapes to satisfy his hunger. He is not allowed to gather grapes for himself and pack them away to take home or eat later.
There are not two Torahs, one for mystics and one for legalists. There is the body of Torah and there is the soul of Torah. It is all one. Neither can contradict the other, and in each the other can be found.
From: Bringing Heaven Down to Earth by Tzvi Freeman - firstname.lastname@example.org
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